Based on data provided by the United Network of Organ Sharing, researchers found that expansion of Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act increased the number of low-income patients with chronic kidney disease included in the new preemptive listings for kidney transplantation, particularly for racial and ethnic minority listings. The findings were reported in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Australian researchers found that diabetes was associated with an increased six-month mortality, mechanical ventilation use and ICU admission following any surgery. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 7,565 surgical inpatients aged at least 54, revealed that each 1% increase in HbA1C correlated with a greater risk for major complications when diabetes was used as a continuous variable, while each percentage increase in HbA1C was associated with an increased length of hospital stay and ICU admission.
Shire's Cinryze, or C1 esterase inhibitor [human], was approved by the FDA for use to prevent attacks in patients with hereditary angioedema who are at least 6 years old. The drug was previously approved for adolescents and adult patients with HAE.
The CMS is soliciting public comments on how it can reduce the regulatory burden associated with the Stark Law, or the physician self-referral law, particularly aspects of the law that may negatively affect care coordination. "Reviewing the Stark Law regulations is an important step forward to building a value-based system, which is one of Secretary Azar's priorities at HHS," said HHS Deputy Secretary Eric Hargan.
It is "Take Your Dog to Work Day," and while the event focuses on encouraging pet adoptions, a survey by Wellness Natural Pet Food found 37% of people would give up benefits such as vacation time or a pay raise for the ability to bring their dog to work. There may be health benefits to bringing a pet to work, and Alison Sullivan of Glassdoor says being pet friendly gives employees "flexibility in balancing work and their furry family members."
Researchers say planks and crunches are the gold standard exercises for core strengthening. Swedish researcher Martin Eriksson-Crommert said crunches are effective at activating superficial abdominal muscles because the muscle fibers are vertical and line up in sync with the straight-up motion of the exercise.
A study in the American Journal of Gastroenterology found adults whose diets were highest in ultra-processed foods and beverages were more likely to develop irritable bowel syndrome and concomitant functional dyspepsia than those who ate the least highly processed foods. People with the highest intake were less likely to follow nutrition recommendations than those with the lowest consumption.
A survey of parents found cancer prevention was the most convincing reason health care providers could give for getting children vaccinated against human papillomavirus, while preventing a common infection and having lasting benefits also garnered support, researchers wrote in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. The worst reasons providers gave included telling parents the vaccination was a scientific breakthrough and that they had their own child vaccinated.
Visiting a national park provides a number of health benefits, according to National Park Foundation President and CEO Will Shafroth and Humana Chief Medical Officer Dr. Roy Beveridge. The National Park Foundation and Humana have created a Park Rx program along with Florida International University and MetCare to encourage patients to regularly visit parks as a way to improve their physical and mental health.
PET with single-photon-emitting radiotracers proved to be beneficial in diagnosing musculoskeletal infections, and several studies linked FDG- and F-18 NaF-PET to better osteomyelitis evaluation, according to a literature review in the American Journal of Roentgenology. The review also found that FDG-PET/CT may be ideal in diagnosing postoperative complications and inflammatory osteoarthropathies, and researchers wrote that there is growing potential for PET "as a primary or complementary modality in the management of rheumatologic and orthopedic conditions."